Mori Ōgai was Japanese literature and Army medic. Both he and Natsume Sōseki were the eminent writer of the Meiji period. After returning from Germany, he began to translate literary works, and published his first novel, The Dancing Girl, which was one of the pioneer works of Japanese Romanticism in 1916. Ōgai's works reflected the Meiji period intellectuals' contradictions. In his later career, most of his works were historical novels. One of his representative works, Sansho the Bailiff, had been made into a movie and won an award at the Venice Film Festival.